Pandemic effect: Climate crisis
TEXT Susan Gushe, Principal and Managing Director, and Kathy Wardle, Associate Principal and Director of Sustainability, Perkins and Will
As we respond to the COVID-19 pandemic, we must not forget about the even deeper global crisis facing our planet—the climate crisis. There will be no vaccine for global warming; however, the buildings sector has the ability to make a substantial contribution to mitigating its effects. Those of us in the industry will have to fully engage all of our tools, technology, and know-how to rapidly transition into a zero-carbon sector, with greatly reduced carbon emissions from building operations and construction.
The building industry contributes 39 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions. It’s a key player in a climate emergency that impacts the health and viability of cities and communities around the world. If there is any benefit arising from COVID-19, it might be seen in the International Energy Agency’s prediction that global CO2 emissions for 2020 will be almost 8 percent lower than in 2019—the lowest level since 2010.
But as we recover from the pandemic, and restarting economies becomes a global imperative, how can we ensure the design and construction industry will contribute to the continued reduction of emissions? While seemingly paradoxical, it is possible. Architecture 2030 reports that while the U.S. GDP and building sector floor area increased by 26.2 percent and 18 percent respectively since 2005, building sector energy use and CO2 emissions decreased by 1.7 percent
and 21 percent respectively in that time. This, despite the addition of 47 billion square feet of building stock. This scale of reduction in CO2 emissions reaffirms that our sector has the capability to execute low-carbon buildings alongside economic growth.
Architects are well-positioned to harness the palpable desire to derive meaningful change from the current pandemic. We can do this through the routine delivery of our services, by leveraging our skills and knowledge in sustainable design. From what we’ve seen, green building practices—established through years of advocacy, implementation, and regulation—are working to drive down emissions.
A major driver for reduced emissions is the stricter performance-based codes being introduced by jurisdictions across the country. Notably, the BC Energy Step code, introduced in 2017, offers British Columbia’s municipalities a progressive roadmap of increasingly stringent energy codes, with the goal of requiring net-zero-energy-ready buildings by 2030. In parallel, the Cities of Toronto and Vancouver have set absolute performance targets, with the goal of achieving near-zero
or zero-emissions buildings by 2030.
Our clients in all sectors are, necessarily, following suit. Higher education clients—such as the University of British Columbia, University of Calgary, and University of Western Ontario—are forging ahead with net-zero-carbon performance targets for academic and research buildings. There is also growing recognition amongst our private developer clients that they must build differently and establish carbon policies for their portfolios. Grosvenor’s commitment to achieve net-zero operational carbon emissions from all their directly managed buildings
by 2030 is informing how we design a new 7.9-acre master-planned development for Grosvenor Americas in Metro Vancouver.
We are at a critical juncture to make meaningful change, and in response, we have recently committed to offering our clients carbon impact statements that propose proven design measures for reducing their projects’ operational and embodied carbon. To produce these statements, we undertake life cycle assessments starting at concept design, and proceeding through all project milestones. We use a combination of readily available tools—like Athena Impact Estimator, Tally, and EC3—to understand and minimize embodied carbon emissions. The result of our assessment allows clients to make carbon-informed decisions as they consider material and systems options.
As we emerge from the current health crisis, we cannot lose sight of our professional obligation to mitigate the larger global climate crisis. Not only must we continue to build upon energy conservation measures in our industry, we must collectively hasten our efforts to design and execute buildings that are low in embodied carbon. Together with our clients, we can design and construct cities and buildings that ensure the future health of our planet.
This article is part of our Pandemic Effect series. Our complete list of experts in this series includes:
- Michel Broz (Jodoin Lamarre Pratte) on hospital design
- Darryl Condon and Melissa Higgs (HCMA) on community centres
- Robert Davies (Montgomery Sisam) on long-term care homes
- Jason-Emery Groen (HDR) on team structure
- Susan Gushe and Kathy Wardle (Perkins and Will) on the climate crisis
- Bruce Kuwabara, Mitchell Hal, Kael Opie and Geoff Turnbull (KPMB Architects) on academic facilities
- Matthew Lella (Diamond Schmitt) on theatre design
- Caroline Robbie (Quadrangle) on office design
- Graeme Stewart and Ya’el Santopinto (ERA) on housing retrofits
- Vincent Van Den Brink (Breakhouse) on retail and hospitality
- Betsy Williamson (Williamson Williamson) on social and gender equity