May 1, 2010
by Canadian Architect
ARCHITECT Baird Sampson Neuert Architects
LOCATION Alban, Ontario
The French River marks the transition to the Canadian Shield, a landscape of granite scraped bare by the passage of glaciers. In its descent from its headwaters, the River transforms from a fractured granite gorge into a vast delta of sculpted granite islands and outcrops. Designated as Canada’s first Heritage Waterway, the River served as a trade route between First Peoples, and for Europeans, was the primary route for inland exploration of the continent and as the Voyageurs’ Highway. It has been a primary source of uniquely Canadian mythology, inspiring native pictographs and European depictions of heroic river journeys, and contemporary work from the Group of Seven.
The project establishes an architecture of the River, defining and invoking its physical qualities and cultural legacy through an integrated approach to architecture, landscape and exhibit environments. Flowing across an archetypal landscape of rock and water, the visitor experience is organized along a continuously inclined topography of found and constructed elements that establish an interpretive and spatial armature for the project, which interprets the River’s descent from its headwaters at Lake Nippissing to its delta at Georgian Bay.
Sited upon an outcrop of exposed granite, the building has been organized into a series of terraces that respond to its sloped topography, providing a barrier-free path that connects the elevated parking area with an existing lower-level picnic zone. The terraces provide connections between interior and exterior program areas, and are sized and configured to accommodate multi-tasking of the facility for wide-ranging user groups, and to promote extended seasonal use. The entry terrace has been located southward to maximize solar aspect, and its flanking walls provide shelter from westerly winds. The events terrace is located on the sheltered easterly side of the building and is provided with a deep overhang for inclement weather. The teaching terrace serves as an outdoor amphitheatre for school group presentations. The vast soffit of the exhibition hall provides an outdoor sheltered space for hikers using the adjoining trail system.
Georges Adamczyk: Les trois terrasses: entrée, éducation et événement, articulent l’insertion très franche du projet dans le profil rocheux qui surplombe le paysage, mémoire des découvreurs et inspiration des artistes du groupe des sept. Ce projet est vigoureux. Il refuse le pittoresque et noue ensemble la nature, l’esprit sauvage du lieu et les éléments d’une construction surprenante et très inspirante, laquelle finit par se confondre avec le paysage d’origine.
Nader Tehrani: The language and spatial distribution of this project is anything but neutral. The project finds a material palette that engages the Canadian mythology with respect to its land–the topography, the forest, and the vernacular craft associated with its built history, but transforms that narrative with a difficult negotiation between abstraction and figuration. At the end, the project situates itself into nature with deliberate self-consciousness, but sidesteps the clichés and landmines that await that yearning.
¿Client Government of Ontario, Ministry of Natural Resources
Architect team Jon Neuert, Barry Sampson, Geoffrey Thün, Gregory Reuter, Mauro Carreño, Jennifer Anderson, Seth Atkins, Jose Uribe, Nene Stout, Mark Martin, Dieter Janssen
Structural Blackwell Bowick Partnership
Mechanical The Mitchell Partnership
Electrical Mulvey and Banani International
Landscape Harrington and Hoyle Ltd.
Interiors Baird Sampson Neuert Architects
Contractor Kona Builders Limited
Exhibit Design Baird Sampson Neuert Architects with Philip Beesley Architect
Interpretive Planning Apropos Planning
Area 7,850 ft2
Budget $3.5 M building and sitework; $1 M exhibits
Completion June 2006
An expressively detailed concrete column supports the exhibition wing that projects out into the forest.
The exposed timber structure of the visitor centre is complemented by natural stone found on the rocky site, enhancing the display of artifacts and interpretive elements.
A view of the building’s east elevation illustrates the transparency of the main exhibit hall, with the teaching terrace in the foreground.
1 landscaped island/”duff” stockpile
2 arrival court/parking
3 landscaped island/eco flow biofilter
4 landscaped island/sewage settling tanks
5 landscaped island/fire water holding tank
6 landscaped island/existing rock outcrop
7 hiking terrace
8 entrance terrace
9 teaching terrace
10 lower terrace
11 existing park trail circuit
12 existing picnic area
13 cultural pine barrens
14 stone outcrop/outlook
15 existing trail to recollet falls